Mexican Nobel Prize Winners

The Nobel Prize is awarded to outstanding researchers, those who have invented revolutionary techniques or equipment, or have contributed to society. According to Alfred Nobel’s last wish, a Swedish inventor who created dynamite, he signed his will in Paris on the 27th of November, 1895.

Three Mexicans have been distinguished with this prize; the first was Alfonso García Robles. He was born in Zamora, Michoacan on the 20th of March, 1911. He was a Mexican diplomat awarded by Nobel Peace Prize in 1982, together with Alva Myrdal. A graduate from the Law School of the Universidad Autónoma de Mexico, among his most outstanding books and articles are: “La Desnuclearización de América Latina” (The Denuclearization of Latin America), “El Tratado de Tlatelolco: Génesis, Alcance y Propósito de la Proscripción de Armas Nucleares en América Latina” (The Tlatelolco Treaty: Genesis, Outreach and Purpose of the Nuclear Weapons Proscription in Latin America) (1967), “Tratado para la Prohibición de Armas Nucleares en América Latina” (Treaty for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America).

Mario José Molina Henríquez was born in Mexico City in 1943; he graduated as Chemical Engineer and studied his post-graduate degree in Germany, where during two years he researched the kinetics of polymerizations among many other topics. He carried out diverse investigations on the topics of environmental chemistry and decided to not limit himself to only scientific publications, using other media for motivating the public to learn about his discoveries and influence public policies for stopping climatic change. He is considered one of the first scientists to warn about the dangers of chlorofluorocarbons used in industrial and domestic aerosols. He was awarded the Chemistry Nobel Prize in 1995 for his work “De la Química a la Atmósfera” (From the Chemistry to the Atmosphere).

Octavio Paz Lozano was born in Mexico City on the 31st of March, 1914. He was a poet, essayist and diplomat whose influence can be compared to that of César Vallejo and Pablo Neruda. He received the Literature Nobel Prize in 1990 as the climax of a brilliant life full of recognitions, the first of this kind given to a Mexican, until the day of his death in 1998. When he found out about it, he made a comment worthy of him; he said the Nobel Prize was not a passport to immortality, but the relative immortality of his literary and artist works granted quality.

Artículo Producido por el Equipo Editorial Explorando México.
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