Politics

The United States of Mexico are a federal republic conformed by 31 states and
a Distrito Federal, home of the capital city. Government is divided into three powers,
the Executive that belongs to the Presidency; the Judiciary in hands of the Supreme Court of Justice; and the Legislative, ruled by Senators and by Representatives that act on behalf of each one of the states of the Federation.
The current political scenario includes the taking part of three major political parties : the PAN (Partido Accion Nacional ), the PRI (Partido Revolucionario Institucional), and the PRD (Partido Revolucionario Democratico). The elected president in the last elections that took place in 2006 is Mr. Felipe Calderon Hinojosa,
a member of the PAN party, and who will be in office during the period of 2007-2012.
However, the present political environment would have been considered as utopian only a few years ago, as the country was plunged into what great Latin American writer Mario Vargas Llosa described as the "perfect dictatorship", for the PRI party ruled the destinies of the nation for 76 consecutive years. This party was formed in the year 1910, claiming to be the one which had taken up the standards and ideals of the Mexican Revolution, and which from 1929 brought social peace and political stability to the nation through the leadership of different politicians who were not
allowed to run for re-election. Nevertheless, as time went by, and under the guidance of
President Carlos Salinas de Gortari, the party turned towards the neo-liberal approach that brings about open and free trade to Mexican economy and the signing of several
international treaties, the larger of which is the NAFTA with its northern neighbors, the United States and Canada.
The lack of alternation in executive power in addition to economical underdevelopment are considered the foundations over which the PAN, a conservative party that aims towards a "orderly and generous homeland", built its strength to claim power in the 2000 elections, beginning so a new phase in the nation's political history. This democratic evolution is highly regarded around the world, and high hopes and expectations were put on the shoulders of President Vicente Fox.
During the second round of the 2006 elections, that included the PRI and the PAN parties, the representative of the PRD party, a controversial official of the Distrito
Federal with populist approaches called Andres Manuel Lopez was defeated, and not conceding, became the leader of opposition and of a social movement of resistance that questioned the validity of the elections.
In present day, Mexicans have elected a member of the PAN party once more,
Mr. Felipe Calderon Hinojosa, who has to respond to the expectation and responsibility
of giving continuity to the legacy of his predecessor, who struggled to transform the nation into the place that people desire and hope for.







Articles for Politics

Benito Juárez
After the War of Independence many factors came into play as obstacles for reaching Mexico’s political and economic stability for decades. Read More>>


Carlos Salinas de Gortari
Carlos Salinas is still being accused by the public for the murder of Colosio, the favoritism with which he privatized state enterprises, the looting of reserves that resulted in financial disaster, the historical defeat of PRI and his own colossal illicit enrichment. Read More>>


Drug Trafficking in México
The drug trafficking is an activity that involves creation, transportation or marketing of illicit sub-stances (usually drugs), is a crime that people and governments have fought against because it has a wide connection with other crimes: human trafficking, arms trafficking, money laundering, corruption, murder, among others. Read More>>


Mexico's Presidents in the 19th Century
After Mexico’s Independence, the country was in a constant political, social and economic chaos, involving those who wanted to head its government. General Guadalupe Victoria Read More>>


Mexico's Presidents, XX and XXI Centuries
The long presidential period of Porfirio Díaz, and the social conditions of most of the population, resulted in the revolutionary Read More>>


Porfirio Díaz
Porfirio Diaz was born on the 15th of September 1830 at Soledad Inn, Oaxaca. His father Faustino Diaz died when he was three years old. Ever since his first years of life, Porfirio Read More>>


The EPR in Mexico
The Popular Revolutionary Army (EPR for its initials in Spanish) is a guerilla that is part of Partido Democrático Popular Revolucionario Read More>>


The History of the Mexican Political Parties
The history of Mexico’s political parties can be divided into various determinant moments that have marked the country’s life. Foremost is Read More>>


The Main Drug Cartels at Mexico
The amount of cartels fighting for power over drug trafficking in Mexico varies depending on the sources. The Office of the Attorney Read More>>


The Sinaloa Cartel; Criminal Organization
The state of Sinaloa is characterized by its vast areas of agricultural land and its large fish production. Recently, tourism Read More>>


The Zetas
The Zetas are the armed force of the Gulf Cartel, a drug trafficking organization in Mexico. It is believed that the Zetas are a group of former military men trained by the U.S. CIA to face the Zapatista revolt of Chiapas in 1994. They have been associated to kidnappings, extortions, murders, tortures and the liberation of prisoners throughout the country. Read More>>


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The War of Reform, History of Mexico

Mexico’s War of Reform, also known as the Three Year War, occurred from December 17, 1857 to January 1, 1861. This armed conflict
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5th of February, Commemoration of the Constitution’s Promulgation

The 1917 Constitution is the result of a long historical process that started even before the Mexican Revolution. The Political
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The Cristero War

The Cristero War is also known as Cristiada. It was an armed struggle between the Government and the Church from 1926 to 1929. If was fought
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Miguel Hidalgo, Mexican Independence

Miguel Hidalgo is one of the most recognized characters in the movement for Mexico’s Independence. His full name was Miguel Gregorio
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The Most Important Natural Disasters Occurred in Mexico

Climatic change is currently a recurrent topic. The phenomenon is the result of centuries of human activity, mainly the transformation and
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