Coahuila Geography

Located in the central part of the northern Mexican territories, the state of Coahuila shares its borders with the once Mexican land of Texas in the U.S. along the Rio Bravo or Rio Grande to the north, and with the states of Nuevo Leon to the east, Zacatecas to the


south Durango to the southwest, and Chihuahua to the west.

Its vast extension of no less than 151,563 sq. kilometers puts the state in third place nationally in terms of territory, only behind Chihuahua and Sonora. Located within the Chihuahua Desert, the state is crossed by the mountain range called the eastern Sierra Madre, along a Northwest-Southeast axis. This major chain contains several elevations above 3,000 meters, like the Potrero de Abrego Sierra, and the Morro, San Rafael, El Jabalin, Las Nopaleras, and San Juan mountains. Other major peaks appearing along the state's landscape are the Sierra Mojada at 2,450 meters, Sierra Santa Rosa at 2,120, and Sierra Pajaros Azules, at 1,930 meters above sea level. Also standing out as part of the state's physical features, the Mapimi Desert, and the fertile lands of the so-called Lagunera region, shared with the neighboring state of Durango.

The hydrological zone of the Rio Bravo- Rio Conchos lies within the state's limits, where the Rio Bravo is the northern frontier and flows into the Gulf of Mexico, as well as the basin of the Nazas River-Aguanaval River, another major hydrological system within the region. Some other rivers are born in the local mountain chains, including the Alamos, Nadadores, Monclova, San Diego, and Sabinas rivers.

Local climate usually includes dry or semi-dry conditions, along with disturbingly high temperatures across the lowlands, while the pine and oak forests produce fresher and more moderate conditions along the eastern Sierra Madre. The rest of the territory is home to typical desert scrubland, containing brickellia, wild-lettuce, cassava and thistle bushes. In the same fashion, animal species vary according to particular conditions, as the lowlands host rattle-snakes and other serpents, black turtles, scorpion, gray fox, and little-dog; while the mountains are home to white-tail deer, black wild-boar, puma, black bears, grizzly bear, and eagles. Not to forget the endemic species found across the state's protected natural reserves of Maderas del Carmen and Cuatro Cienagas, including the soft-shell turtle, the hinge-turtle, several cuatro-cienagas types of fish, as well as pre-historic marine bacteria.

Articles for Coahuila

The separation of Texas from México
The neighbor state at north of Coahuila was originally part of the territory of Mexico, although several circumstances influenced so it got its independence and then to be incorporated into the United States. Read More>>


Pancho Villa
Pancho Villa, an icon of the Mexican Revolution, was born in 1878. Baptized as Doroteo Arango, he suffered a peasant’s life and witnessed how the rich landowners amassed great fortunes by exploiting workers. Read More>>


Sarapes of Saltillo
The fusion of Indigenous textile techniques with Spanish designs in Asian silk and Arab wool. Read More>>


Cuatro Ciénegas Coahuila
A valley that serves as a natural laboratory, it allows studying early evolution and prompts the suspicion that its salt types and water Read More>>


Archaeological Sites in Campeche; Tabasqueño and El Tigre
TABASQUEÑO; It is a site you shouldn’t miss for many reasons, gathering many conditions including the architecture that makes it Read More>>


Victoriano Huerta
José Victoriano Huerta Márquez was born in the Agua Gorda Ranch of Ocotlán, Jalisco, on December 22, 1850; he was the son of Huichol Indians. Read More>>


Mexico’s Bicentennial Celebration
Mexico is getting ready for an extraordinary celebration in honor of its 200th anniversary of its Independence and 100th anniversary of its Revolution. Everything designed to commemorate these two great dates is linked to the ideal of renewing Mexico’s identity and historic continuity. Read More>>


Vineyards in Mexico
Do you want to go on vacation to a place where you can find parties, food, dance, wine and vineyards? Let me tell you about certain places Read More>>


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